Having Italy as the 6th player in revised axis and allies



  • @Imperious:

    http://www.onwar.com/articles/f0302.htm

    here is some information from the harrison book concerning Italy and here economic capabilities in 1942.

    Here’s another roughly accurate source of of GDP listings through-out the ages.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_past_GDP_(PPP)

    I’ve redone all the IPC values for my games awhile ago. I assigned a value to every territory on the board including neutrals, except for the Sahara and some of the itty-bitty pacific islands.
    After several revisions, I’ve settled with the following numbers…

    USSR 47 (before germany invaded)
    Germany (and nations under its influence) 119
    British Empire 92 (India alone is 22)
    Japanese Empire 55
    USA (states only + panama) 172 😮

    China 24 (split between US and Japan)
    South America 25

    Russia simply has no chance and is always crushed by Germany if you use the revised or classic maps original unit setups. 😢
    The game does get fun and out of hand very quickly dealing with tons of IPCs and huge masses of units. 😄

    Email me at www.biofury@yahoo.com if you want a copy of a map with these different IPC values and how I figured them out.


  • 2017 '16 '15 Organizer '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    What is the start date? The Soviet IPC are low. They should demonstrate a raising mobilization peaking in 1944, with a little drop in 1945. Plus what lend lease are they recieving? I think the figure is 14.5% of Soviet equipment was from lend lease. Thus you add this to a growing IPC figure.

    Soviets
    in 1941 =359
    in 1942=318
    in 1943=464+
    in 1944=495+
    in 1945=396

    Germany ( add 632 for average german occupied conquests, but figure is actually about 550 due to fluctiations)
    in 1941=412=1044
    in 1942=417=1049
    in 1943=426=1058 ( probably about 950)
    in 1944=437=lost too much territory figure about 600 total
    in 1945=310=more territory lost probably about 375 total

    italy (subtract 2.6 for lost territory)
    in 1941=144
    in 1942=145
    in 1943=137

    USA
    in 1941=1094
    in 1942=1235
    in 1943=1399
    in 1944=1499
    in 1945=1474

    now russian infantry was raised at a much easier rate than Germany, while germany had a much better time of raising infantry than say UK and marginally better than USA.

    So soviet land units cost one less than everybody else. Try that and see if it balanced out a bit better.



  • @Biofury:

    Here’s another roughly accurate source of of GDP listings through-out the ages.

    Thanks for that information. But while GDP figures are a useful thing to keep in the back of one’s head, I prefer to rely on military production figures for game design purposes. Below are some military production data for World War II.

    Tanks
    Soviet Union: 105,000
    US: 88,000
    Germany: 46,000
    UK: 28,000
    Canada: 6,000
    Japan: 3,000
    Italy: 2,000
    Hungary: 500

    Artillery
    Soviet Union: 517,000
    US: 257,000
    Germany: 159,000
    UK: 125,000
    Japan: 13,000
    Canada: 10,000
    Italy: 7,000
    Other Commonwealth: 5,000
    Hungary: 400

    Mortars
    Soviet Union: 200,000
    US: 105,000
    UK: 103,000
    Germany: 73,000
    Commonwealth: 46,000

    Machine guns
    USA: 2,680,000
    Soviet Union: 1,477,000
    Germany: 674,000
    Japan: 380,000
    UK: 297,000
    Canada: 252,000
    Other Commonwealth: 38,000
    Hungary: 5,000

    Military aircraft
    US: 325,000
    Germany: 189,000
    Soviet Union: 157,000
    UK: 132,000
    Japan: 76,000
    Canada: 16,000
    Italy: 11,000
    Other Commonwealth: 3,000
    Hungary: 1,000
    Romania: 1,000

    The Soviets produced 2.3 times as many tanks as the Germans, 3.3 times as many artillery, 2.7 times as many mortars, 2.1 times as many machine guns, and 83% as many military aircraft. It’s true these numbers don’t capture the fact that the Germans devoted a greater portion of their output to naval spending than the Soviets. Also, some of these differences are due to Germany’s late-war production problems. But Germany arguably reached its production peak in 1944; so its late war production problems only explain a modest portion of the production gap between itself and the Soviet Union.


  • 2017 '16 '15 Organizer '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    I don’t agree with that premise. The total production of war material remains very linked to the ACTUAL outcome of the war. So if the axis get off to a great start… you suddenly got alot of numbers having no meaning at all, because now say the Germans are camped in Moscow and the Soviets are weaker. Additionally, the cost of producing a tank in one economy is not the same as another. Example: German tanks were made up of many more parts than the Soviets and even when these tanks broke down a part from the same exact model tank would not be a fix… They in many cases had to be custom made. The Soviets metal was very poor grade, while the early German armor was exceptional grade. Late German armor was totally horrible because the metals used ‘filler’ metals to make up for scarce raw materials.

    GDP is the best starting point for addressing the economics, while the starting forces that were historically available would be a better guide to address setup problems.

    But in the end it all depends on game balance… or the game will play the same result everything and soon become a chore.



  • Historical Military production does gives some hitorical hints. But it is after all based on historical decisions.

    One thing the game shouldn’t do is to enforce historical decisions. We want the historical background not the historical decisions otherwise there would be no game ?  😉

    Military production “capacity” would be be better. But not prefect. I mean how hard is it to open up new tank factories and close down a few fighter factories?



  • @Imperious:

    I don’t agree with that premise. The total production of war material remains very linked to the ACTUAL outcome of the war. So if the axis get off to a great start… you suddenly got alot of numbers having no meaning at all, because now say the Germans are camped in Moscow and the Soviets are weaker. Additionally, the cost of producing a tank in one economy is not the same as another. Example: German tanks were made up of many more parts than the Soviets and even when these tanks broke down a part from the same exact model tank would not be a fix… They in many cases had to be custom made. The Soviets metal was very poor grade, while the early German armor was exceptional grade. Late German armor was totally horrible because the metals used ‘filler’ metals to make up for scarce raw materials.

    GDP is the best starting point for addressing the economics, while the starting forces that were historically available would be a better guide to address setup problems.

    But in the end it all depends on game balance… or the game will play the same result everything and soon become a chore.

    There are a host of problems involved with applying GDPs to a game like this.
    1. Different nations devoted a different portion of their capacity to the war effort.
    2. As you explained, varying degrees of reliance on mass production gave some nations an advantage over others.
    3. The way GDP is calculated is . . . less than useful for a game like this. Woman A takes care of her own children. Contribution to the GDP: 0. Woman B provides babysitting services for someone else’s children. Those babysitting services are factored into the GDP. Moreover, suppose an American woman and an African woman both make money by babysitting children. The American woman earns ten times as much per hour. I’m pretty sure that the American woman is contributing ten times as much to her country’s GDP as is the African woman. The logic is that, since the free market valued the American woman’s babysitting services ten times as much as the African woman’s; the American woman’s are ten times as valuable. Obviously, this logic leads to an inaccurate comparison between the services provided in poor countries vis-a-vis those in rich countries.

    Problem 3 means that GDP figures tend to overstate the production differences between rich countries and poor countries. The average German had a higher standard of living than the average Soviet citizen. That difference caused Germany to have a higher GDP than the Soviets; but it didn’t cause Germany to produce more tanks.


  • 2017 '16 '15 Organizer '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    what then is a better starting point IYO? production of tanks in 1944 is not the answer either…



  • @tekkyy:

    Historical Military production does gives some hitorical hints. But it is after all based on historical decisions.

    One thing the game shouldn’t do is to enforce historical decisions. We want the historical background not the historical decisions otherwise there would be no game ?  😉

    Military production “capacity” would be be better. But not prefect. I mean how hard is it to open up new tank factories and close down a few fighter factories?

    I agree with you about military production capacity . . . we shouldn’t be forcing the German player to build U-boats if he or she would rather have tanks. I was merely using those production data to get a general feel for each nation’s productive capacity.



  • @Imperious:

    what then is a better starting point IYO? production of tanks in 1944 is not the answer either…

    I agree 1944 is not the answer. But in the major land battle of Kursk (1943), the Soviets had twice as many cannons as the Germans, over 2.5 times as many tanks, and roughly as many aircraft. Even assuming that 15% of the Soviets’ equipment came from lend-lease, and even allowing for the fact that the Germans were fighting an air and sea war in the west, you’re still looking at a production advantage for the Soviet Union.


  • 2017 '16 '15 Organizer '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    They had twice as many “add in any type of equipment you want to list” because Stalingrad had already happened and Germany had failed by July 1943. Your dealing with a period of History that the game allows either player to control. Thus those military balances have no meaning. The only value is what each started with in the spring of 1942 when the game begins. What happens latter is totally in control of the players and how they perform.



  • @Imperious:

    They had twice as many “add in any type of equipment you want to list” because Stalingrad had already happened and Germany had failed by July 1943. Your dealing with a period of History that the game allows either player to control. Thus those military balances have no meaning. The only value is what each started with in the spring of 1942 when the game begins. What happens latter is totally in control of the players and how they perform.

    It’s true that a German army was encircled and forced to surrender at Stalingrad. But a number of large Soviet forces had also been surrounded and forced to surrender. I’m almost certain the Soviets experienced significantly larger losses (in absolute terms) than did the Germans.



  • Love the idea of having italy as a sixth player…. had them in for several years now. they start out with a building power of 25 industrial points while germany starts out with 58 industrial points. we start in 1936 with a percentage of what each nation had to begin with. ei: if britian had 75 destroyers in 36’ and they start with 15 on the game, italy would also have the same % 61 in 36’ then 12 on game, historicaly compairable. now comes the fun part… human players.  (since we are talking about italy, we will stay with italy) italian troops were not the best fighters nor were thier equipment very good. planes and ships were ok. your atack differnt then say a german tank and defend differnt.  i don’t want to stay with a bad tank or poor building facilities if i plan to be in a war at some point. will you allow for a player to improve teritory production? if a teritory starts out at 5, can it be ever increased? for example to 6 or 7? i personaly build up both my manufacturing abuility and my military fairly equally.  we are all more than your average AA players, can we not handle the more complicated part of building up a nation to fight on internal as well as militarialy? i know that america is going to come with numbers, there is no changing that fact, (they out produce me by 300%) they want to bomb me, i’ve put must of my production underground or even build in other places. they want to land, i make italy a fortress, and have it an air craft carrier as it was called. i research better planes and high powered anti-aircraft guns to fill up every territory.  i build fortifications, place mines, and place men along the beaches with machine guns.  yes they will land, they always do… but what will it cost them? and will i have enough on reserve to drive them back into the SEA?    just wondering, narsis


  • 2017 '16 '15 Organizer '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    It’s true that a German army was encircled and forced to surrender at Stalingrad. But a number of large Soviet forces had also been surrounded and forced to surrender. I’m almost certain the Soviets experienced significantly larger losses (in absolute terms) than did the Germans.

    The Soviets lost most of these forces before the spring of 1942…(before the game starts). They learned eventually not to get surrounded as they did in the earlier period but they did lose more than the Germans in nearly every action  and gradually got better.

    The only information could only be the balance of forces in say April 1942 and the relative GDP. Thats the only way to make any qualitative comparison for making such a variant.



  • too bad we probably didn’t have PPP GDP (vs. nominal GDP) back then

    @narsis:

    will you allow for a player to improve teritory production? if a teritory starts out at 5, can it be ever increased? for example to 6 or 7?

    we don’t have that yet

    in game we have territory production and IC production capacity
    we have to consider what they each model and whether they can be improved in a matter of months (one turn)



  • we, over the corse of playing with additianal countries (we have the abuility to play with 16 areas), have liked the abuility to improve our countries in diffrent ways. what it has done for us, is to allow different thinking players to change their countries territories production to increase differnt needs.  when you are italy, africa always becomes a unit pit! When the ally colilition decides it time to take the war to you in africa, sisily is usially the nexted jumping point for the allies, unless you have built up prodution, even airfeilds, and/or sea ports in new areas. this makes them tempting targets, once reconisences informs you of new and better improvements.  why would i take sisily if the italian player has built up rome or northern italy with great production and bases! I want to end their intreast in the axis powers quickly.  other things that become nice is when gabralter is taken by italy, and they place costal bunkers, land mines, sub pens, and airfields there.  It becomes a headace for the allies but a must retake for them! 🙂 i’m  not sure your going to incorp such an idea or not but it makes the game more of a challange!



  • under optional rules we do have a national advantage that models the improving German economy towards the end of the war

    but in terms of mines and coastal bunkers…we only have the AA gun piece (which is now a Infrastructure Defense), it functions additionally as anti-navy coastal battery in amphibious assault
    the AA piece has been weakened substantially but do allow multiple piece to fire at the same time…so you could fortify Italy a little if you want



  • i see now that we have things in common with imp. leader on using other peices from other aa games to include options in our own.  I have also casted or made other pieces to fit or to counter ones brought in. for exapmle… i got plastic mines from, i believe table tacics games?, and also made mine rollers to destroy them for countries.  i’ll just list most everything used so far and if some one here would be kind enough to explain how i would upload ditial pictures to this sight i will do my best to do so! (thanks in advance!)  from normandy we use caostal fortifications, also use machain guns from (ttg) and half tracks, pt boats, i used the battleships from the original aa (1979 version) as cruisers, i have made super subs for japan and sea planes (two versions), kaitians and frogmen, trucks and jeeps for mech infintry, oil drums for all!, me 262’s (i didn’t like any versions out on the market) lancasters, B17’s and B25’s (dougles), B29’s , navy zero’s from land planes for japan, sea dragon for germany, by planes (for english carriers) landing craft, 3 generations of junkers and 109’s, dive bombers V1’s and V2’s, paratropers, rockerts for russia, 5 generations of tanks for germany, m1 grants for US start and lend lease to britian, admrial ships for all countries (all the most popular ones, they took forever to paint but look really cool on the board, and some generals for land units. our game is complicated i know for a new person but we always have a teacher or game master to help them out with problems. for those of use that have been playing since 1980 it took about 4 months to keep it all straight but now we have labtops to aid on development and odds of sucsess in winning. the most difficult thing for people to grasp is the fuel needed to produce and transport. how much diesel how much high octan avation fuel, things like that!! 😮


  • 2017 '16 '15 Organizer '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    Please post these pictures …preferably on your map.  Table Tactics will soon be releasing a whole new set of pieces… I cant get into details yet, but in 60 days something should make itself present officially.


  • Customizer

    My take on Italy, in reference to my map:

    IPC Value totals

    Each of three Allied powers and Japan each = 50
    Germany = 45
    Italy = 22
    Vichy France = 13

    The Italian player also controls Vichy, collecting it’s income and spending this how it sees fit.

    However what I call the “Vichy Variable” allows different levels of Axis income to be brought to bear depending on how VF is treated.
    At one extreme Vichy is treated as an integral part of Italy, much as Nationalist China is effectively part of the USA.
    At the other Vichy is Neutral, adds no income to Italy, and will only fight by defending itself against allied attacks.
    Which of the Vichy rules is adopted dictates the difficulty levels for the Axis, and could even be used as the basis of bidding.

    http://66.125.84.108/web1/flashman/Complete1942jun.jpg



  • @Flashman:

    My take on Italy, in reference to my map:

    IPC Value totals

    Each of three Allied powers and Japan each = 50
    Germany = 45
    Italy = 22
    Vichy France = 13

    The Italian player also controls Vichy, collecting it’s income and spending this how it sees fit.

    However what I call the “Vichy Variable” allows different levels of Axis income to be brought to bear depending on how VF is treated.
    At one extreme Vichy is treated as an integral part of Italy, much as Nationalist China is effectively part of the USA.
    At the other Vichy is Neutral, adds no income to Italy, and will only fight by defending itself against allied attacks.
    Which of the Vichy rules is adopted dictates the difficulty levels for the Axis, and could even be used as the basis of bidding.

    http://66.125.84.108/web1/flashman/Complete1942jun.jpg

    Wartime aircraft production represents a decent proxy for overall military production. In 1941, the aircraft production figures were as follows:

    U.S: 19,000
    Germany: 12,000
    U.S.S.R.: 16,000
    U.K.: 20,000
    Japan: 5,000

    In 1942, the numbers were:

    U.S.: 48,000
    Germany: 15,000
    U.S.S.R.: 25,000
    U.K.: 24,000
    Japan: 9,000

    By 1944, those figures had risen to the following numbers:

    U.S.: 96,000
    Germany: 41,000
    U.S.S.R.: 40,000
    U.K.: 26,000
    Japan: 28,000

    Okay, I realize that the above production figures spell almost certain doom for the Axis. So any map designer will need to ignore–or compensate for–the gross imbalance between Axis and Allied production. But you can at least use the above figures to determine production proportions within teams. If you use the '42 numbers, British and Soviet military production should be about equal. But if you go with the numbers from '44, the Soviets should have nearly double the income of the British. The U.S. should (apparently) represent half or more of the Allied total production effort, which seems a little high to me. For the Axis, Japan’s income should be between 60% and 70% of Germany’s. (Depending on whether you use the '42 or '44 production figures.)

    From 1939 - 1945, Italy produced a total of 18,000 military aircraft, as compared to 120,000 for Germany. But 48,000 of Germany’s aircraft were produced in '44 or '45, at a time when Italy’s aircraft production had been disrupted by the overthrow of Mussolini and the Allied invasion. If one compares Italy’s total aircraft production during the war to the 72,000 Germany produced before '44, the ratio is four German aircraft for every Italian aircraft produced. This implies an Italian income 1/4 that of Germany’s.


  • 2017 '16 '15 Organizer '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    3 years latter?



  • @Imperious:

    3 years latter?

    Needed a little time to mull things over.


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