You are quite correct in your literal interpretation of the US Constitution. But let us remember that the US Constitution was not imposed before, during or immediately after the American Revolution but at least a decade later.
Anyway, I believe almost unilaterally most, if not all, of the authors of our freedom, from the layman with his rifle hiding in a muddy puddle along the road to shoot at red coats, all the way up to the lofty dignitaries like Thomas Jefferson would state, very emphatically, that taxation is a method to raise money in times of very dire need, not an existence that should be experienced on a daily basis as the “norm.”
We also weren’t trusted to vote for president back then. Times change. If you want to spend $12 billion a month on war, you gotta pay for it. Ditto for Homeland Security, FBI, CIA, the interstate highway system, trips to the moon, national parks, etc.
As I said, we’ve had a progressive income tax in place for over 90 years (and no, “progressive income tax” is not political- the two major parties in this country are, and have been, perfectly content to keep it in place), and it certainly hasn’t stood in the way of our progression to superpower.
Correction: progressive income taxation started during the Civil War:
“During the Civil War, a person earning from $600 to $10,000 per year paid tax at the rate of 3%. Those with incomes of more than $10,000 paid taxes at a higher rate.”
So it’s been in place for the last 145 years.
The reason I feel comfortable saying this is because of how loathe all the important men in American history have been to implement any form of tax throughout our early history. This is not to make an argument that taxes are good or bad, but rather an argument to state that at the time this nation was building the foundation of itself that made us great, taxes were viewed upon with great distaste and, at times, hostile resistance.
So were foreign entanglements. Is there a single successful industriliazed democratic nation without an income tax? I honestly don’t know. I know the norm is income taxation.
So it seems plainly obvious that taxes, levied on any portion or the whole of the people, were not the cause of us becoming a great nation, but rather, despite the very short periods of time taxes were levied on the people, we grew to greatness anyway.
Uh huh. So 140 years is a “very short period of time”? Riiight. :roll: