It would be easy to mark them, you could simply tip them on their sides like in revised / classic 2 hit battleships.
I think I’ll try this, but I will still require that payment be made to repair them.
I found this site a few minutes ago and had to post a link here. Enjoy! :mrgreen:
Wow It sounds lovely and I really have no idea on the sand. The glue may work. Are you thinking of mixing some sand in with glue and painting it on? Im wondering if you would have to seal it with something.
I went to a hobby shop and found some that were intended for train models.
Your typical WW2 tanker ran between 10,000 and 15,000 tons, with a few as large as 25,000 tons. There is about 7 barrels of oil to the ton, so you are looking at somewhere between 70,000 barrels to 175,000 barrels per tanker. Much of the oil in tankers that were sunk was refined products, chiefly gasoline (motor and higher octane aviation gasoline), diesel, and kerosene. That tended to burn quite nicely when torpedoed. The Japanese did use raw crude oil from some of the Indonesian fields that was of sufficient high grade to burn directly as boiler fuel, and did have problems with the accompanying vapor explosions, such as the one that destroyed the carrier Taiho. Refined products are considerably less toxic than raw crude, which can range from high-quality West Texas oil to the high-grade sludge produced by Venezuela. Raw crude contains the full spectrum of oil products in varying amounts, along with a host of contaminants such as sulphur, various metals, bromine, methane in solution, waxes of various kinds, etc. A refinery is typically optimized to refine a given type of crude, and will actually produce more than a barrel of products from a barrel of crude as a consequence of the adding of hydrogen to the heavier high-carbon crude fractions to produce lighter fractions such as gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil which take up a larger volume than the high-carbon fractions.
The tanker losses in WW2 were spread over the entire ocean area of the world, and over a period of 7 years, and occurred as one time events for the area the ship was sunk in. Much of the oil was refined products. What you have in the Gulf presently is a concentrated spill in both location and time, with continuous effects on the environment. It is not a one-time event, but a continuous stream of oil hitting the wetlands, marshes, beaches, and ocean bottom. Based on the Exxon Valdez spill, the long term effects are not going to be known for several years or possibly decades. The Gulf ecosystems that are being effected by the oil are likely never to return to a pre-spill state, or if they do, it will be many decades in the future.
Very insightful thank you,
Ah well perhaps I did. Assuming Hitler had been smarter a few for instances. Put Germany’s economy on a war footing in 1938 instead of 1944. Waited a few years before starting the war, many German planners figured 1945 would be a good start date. A fleet of bismark class ships to escort fleet carriers along with a fleet of 100s of uboats rather than the less that 100? to start the war with. Let’s say jet power and heavy 4 engine bombers that Germany never really had. Now let’s say they beat England, then Russia. No way they EVER build enough of a fleet to do an invasion anywhere in Pan-America. They would still need atomic bombs to force a defeat.
You make a good point. The only problem I see with that is according to the treaty that Germany signed and the end of WWI they were not allowed to have a standing army over a specific number of people. They were not allowed to have air fields or ports. At some point they wouldn’t be able to hide a force like that.
An odd turn of events left me (as Germany) holding London and Moscow and I lost Berlin to the US.
Needless to say I was overburdened with the size of my empire. The US took Italy and the Caucuses on the same turn and started mass producing on mainland Europe.