Napoleon abdicated today, the 11th April, 1814. He had been ruler of 70 million people, 30 million of them French, the rest Spanish, Belgian, Dutch, some Italian and German. He had also ruled parts of Poland and Yugoslavia. Then he attacked Russia. After the disaster that was Russia he was outnumbered two to one by a coalition of Austrian, Prussian, Russians and Swedes at the battle of Leipzig, losing this battle. This too had come after the loss of Spain to Wellington(June 1813).
On the 31st March 1814 the Allies entered Paris. His Generals persuaded him to abdicate in favour of his 3 year old son. His 10 year Empire had come to a close.
He tried to poison himself on the 12th, but ended up vomiting and not dying. On the 29th he was on his way to exile on Elba.
He would return.
I was sixteen years old; it was the Christmas of 1996. I had been playing Risk and heard stories of a WWII game called Axis and Allies. I found the game at Toys-R-Us. My dad thought I was crazy paying over fifty dollars for a board game, but he did like the picture of Rommel on the front cover.
I was Germany my first game. Five of us played. I remember attacking capturing all of Africa. My friend’s father gave up saying the game was too long for his taste.
I wonder what your dad would have thought if he’d known that, a few years in the future, a two-part Global 1940 game costing about three times as much would come on the market, and I wonder what your friend’s dad would have thought if he’d known that this Global 1940 game would take about three times as long to play.
He would just shake his head in disbelief. Dad is very cheap.
Nature’s Metropolis: William Cronon
Sugar Creek: John Faragher
Both of those have quite a lot of primary sources in them. Actual photocopies, and sometimes they are a bit hard to read since the handwritting back then is not what we are used to reading.
You may also feel free to read up on Kennecott Journey by William Cronon; Iseminger’s “Culture and Environment in the Ameircas”; White’s “The Middle Ground” I’d focus on the first few chapters, but feel free to read the entire book if you want.
As for “Democracy in America” I just had a brain stumble and forgot the name of the author. However, a brief search would have immediately gotten it for you, Alexis de Touqsville. He’s kinda famous you know, and he very specifically states in numerous sections of his novel (which is a good read, but very long!) that women had universal sufferage even though they did not have the right to go vote if they were married.
In fact, my entire thesis on women being equal to men, in society if not genetically, is almost a carbon copy of his arguments.
After you finish all that, if you want more sources, let me know. Just about anything written about history of the area (either Illinois itself or the United States) from non-biased sources before 1940 will reinforce my argument (and Mr. Toucquville’s.)
Gee, btw, all that took roughly 1 minute. I’m surprised you couldn’t go find those sources yourself given the information I gave you (you know, the titles of the books and all.)