On this day during W.W. 2
The Marines were able to repel the attack on wake Island
Two Destroyers destroyed and three damaged
Way to go Marines
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Damn they almost were reinforced too
Good reminder and good fighting
Dec 12 1944
A V-2 hit the Rex Cinema in Antwerp killing 492 people and seriously injuring about 500 others
German forces pulled back across the Roer River Maginot Line defenses blocked the U.S. Seventh Army
British Eighth Army units crossed the Naviglio Canal and attacked Faenza on the Italian front
Dec 13 1941
Japanese aircraft attacked U.S. Naval and Air bases in the Philippines
The U.S. Department of Justice had interned 595 Japanese and 187 German alien Residents of the far western states. The western Defense Command recommended to the secretary of war that 112,000 Japanese-American two thirds of whom were U.S. citizens be moved be moved from the srates bordering the pacific
The Military, The Congress,The President, and the courts permitted those Japanese-Americans to be stripped of their property and confined in concentration camps
Dec 14 1941
Japan and Thailand entered into an alliance. Bangkok retained some independece but the Japanese exercised what ever control necessary to operate in Thailand
Dec 13 -17 1939 This was the week that the Graf Spee was in the battle of the river Plate off the coast of Uruguay She was scuttled on the 17th
1941 The British Cruiser Galatea was sunk off the Egyptian coast by a German submarine. The Japanese merchant ship Atsutasan Maru was sunk by the American Submarine Swordfish
1944 U.S. forces invaded Mindoro in the Philippines. Japanese suicide planes attacked the landing convoy, causing heavy damage and sinking two LST’s, there was no opposition on the beaches and they were able to move inland quickly
Just so you know… I read these everyday.
Thanks, and keep posting them!
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Swordfish must have scored one of the first American paybacks of the war
Dec. 16 1940 The R.A.F. carried out a war cabinet directive to launch a massive “area bombing” of a German city (Operation Abigail). Mannheim was the choise, 134 Bombers sent, 103 actually made it, 10 were lost, 89 tons of high exposives 14,000 incendiaries, target submarine engine factories, 5 industrial plants were hit only 1 was seriously damaged
1941 Japanese forces invaded British Borneo, Johnson Island in the Pacific was shelled by a Japanese Sub
1942 Russian forces advanced on the Don river front, inflicting heavy looses on the Italian Eighth Army. an atempt to aid the German Sixth Army was abandoned after the fourth Panzer Army reached a point 40 miles from Stalingrad.
1944 In a carefully coordinated counter offensive the Germans launched a massive attack on the U.S. First and Ninth Armies along a 40 mile front in the Ardennes forest in Luxembourg (Battle of the Bulge) Paratroopers landing behind American lines, German fith and sixth Panzer, caught Americans by suprise, Rundstedt intended to advance to the Meuse River and the Albert canal and eventually to retake Antwerp
Dec 17 1939 TheGraf Spee was scuttled
1941 Red Army forces launch strong counter offensives along a broad front, while GermanArmy group South opened a new drive toward Sevastopol in the Crimea
Top U.S. military commanders were replaced in the Pacific. Admiral Chester W. Nimitzwas named commander of the Pacific Fleet. Lieutenant General Delos C Emmons became commanding General of the Hawian Department
1942 Russian units advance to a point 70 miles west of Stalingrad
1943 U.S. troops captured San Pietro while the Germans began pulling back at several sectors of the Italian front
1944 Allied Reinforcements were rushed into the Ardennes. The U.S. 82nd and the 101 Airborne Divisions moved to defend key road junctions. The Germans made small gains in the direction of Malmedy. Russian main force units were within 5 miles of Budapest
Dec 18 1939 12 of 24 R.A.F. Wellingtons were shot down by German Fighters while atempting to attack Naval targets around Wilhelmshaven and schillig.
1940 Hitler decided toproceed with the invasion of Russia even though Britian had not been knocked out of the war
1942 Heavy fighting broke out in New Guinea with U.S. and Australian forces launching Tank led attacks at several points
1943 Japanese Planes raided Kunming in Chinia in a move to lessen the threat to it’s forces from Burma who would shortly launch a drive against India
1944 Russian troops crossed the Hungarian Czech border on a 70 mile front north of Miskolc. Hangkow in Chinia a Japanese major supply base, was attacked by U.S. 14th Air force planes including 77 B 29s
Dec 18 1933 Germany stated its position on disarmament to the French " the heavly armed states either have no intetion of disarming or do not feel in a position to do so. Germany is entitled to obtain, in one way or another,equality of treatment as regards her own security. Germany defended the Nazi SA and SS as simple organizations whose solemission is to organize the political masses of our people so as to make the return of the Communist peril impossible forevermore and to immmunize the country, intellectually and physically against the risk of Communist disintegration
Dec 19 1939 The German passenger liner Columbus was scuttled about 450 miles east of cape May New Jersey. The Columbus had been trailed by the american Cruiser Tuscaloosa since leaving Vera Cruz Mexico, with the U.S. ship constantly reporting the Germans position by radio for any and all ships to hear. The captain of the Columbus felt his position was untenable and could not avoid seizure or sinking. He concluded scuttling was the only coarse of action. The Tuscaloosa’s actions made the U.S. position of neutrality highly suspect, but Berlin never protested for of irritating the U.S. and pushing them into the war
1941 Hitler assumed personal command of the German Army, replacing the ousted Field Marshal Brauchitsch who felt Moscow could not be taken and that the Germans should go on the defensive. Three Italian “human torpedo” teams led by prince Borghese, entered Alexandria harbor in Egypt and seriously disabled the British battle ships Queen Elizabeth and Valiant. The underwater demolition crews attached delayed action mines to the hulls. The British cruiser Neptune stuck 4 mines off Malta and sank immediatly with only one survivor, British naval strenth in the Mediterranean reached its low point. Japaneses troops crossed over to Hong Kong proper from Kowloon. British troops were evacuated from Pinang in Malaya. Derna and Mechili in Libya were recaptured by the British
1942 Red Army troops reached Kantemirovka on the Voronezh-Rostov Rail line
1944 All Allied offensive actions against the Rhine were halted because of the German Ardennes offensive. Montgomerery was given command of all Allied forces north of the Bulge, Bradly all forces south. Bastogne was almost surrounded as the 101st Airborne Division arrived in the village
A U.S. naval attack on luzon was posponed because of a Typhoon . The Japanese 35th Army on Leyte was told it could expect no further reinforcements or supplies. The Typhoon inflicted heavy losses and damage to the U.S. 3rd fleet 3 Destroyers capsized 769 lives were lost, severe damagewas suffered by 8 carriers a light Cruiser and7 Destroyers, and nearly 150 planes were lost off the Carrier deck
1938 All Jews in Danzig were ordered to leave by April 1st 1939
Dec 20 1941 Japanese troops landed at Davao, Mindano, in the Philippines. The Flying Tigers entered combat for the first time, successfully challenging Japanese Aircraft over Kunming
1942 An 8000 ton Japanese cargo ship hit a U.S. mine and sank off Cape Inubo due east of Tokyo. It was the first Japanese ship lost in home waters after American subs began mining the coast
1943 Plans for an Allied amphibious assault on the west coast of Italy were cancelled because of a lack of landing craft and an inability to overcome the German defenses along the winter line The Arawe peninsula on New Britian was cleared of all Japanese forces. Roosevelt and Chiang Kai-Shek exchanged messages which showed a strong disagreement over future offensive operations in Burma. Roosevelt hedged on further economic aid to the Chinese
1944 German troops advance to Stavelot and Noville and continued applying great pressure on U.S. forces at St-Vith. Kawlin in Burma was captured by the 19th Indian Division
1937 Japanese shops and cottonmills in Tingstao were looted and burned byChinese mobs
Dec 21 1939 Rumania signed a new economic agreement with Germany
1940 Germany deplored the pro British position of the U.S. Berlin said its policy toward the U.S. was one of restraint onto selfeffacement. Washingtons was "from morning untill nite of pinpricks injury insult challenge and moral aggresion.
1941 Japanese troops began massive landing operations at points along the coast of the Lingayen Gulf in the Pilippines, about 135 miles north of Manila. Churchill cabled Governor Sir Mark Young of Hong Kong “every day that you are able to mantain your resistance you help the Allied cause all over the world, and by a prolonged resistance you and your men can win the lasting honour which we are sure will be your lasting due”
1942 British eighth Army troops reached Sirte in Libya before halting
1943 A German Bridgehead over the Dnieper at Kherson was wiped out by the russians
1944 Bastogne came under siege. U.S> ammunition and food suplies were runninglow. U.S. units beat back the German drive to take back Stavelot
Dec 22 1939 Finland launched an unexpected major counterattack against the Russians
1941 The first American troops arrived in Australia. Japans 14th Army, under Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma was put ashore at Lingayen Gulf. This was the main force (about 40,000 men) of the Japanese offensive which took the Philippines. Chiang Kai-shek offered two Chinese Armies to help the British defend Burma. General Wavell accepted a division with a regiment to be held in reserve. More than 32,000 Jews were murdered by German Einsatzgruppen execution squads in Vilna Lithuania. Einsatzgruppen A would report a total of 229,052 Jews in the Baltic states during the first six months of German occupation
1942 Soviet forces made new attacks in the Caucasus, striking south east of Nalchik as the Germans pilled back. The British First Army renewed its drive for Tunis.
1943 Berlin threatened reprisals on British and American prisoners in retaliation for the Russian atrocity trials at Kharkov. Heavy fighting devloped for Ortona with the first Canadian Division encoutering stiff German resistance. Ortona was the best port onthe Adriatic coast south of Pescara.
1944 German forces launh their final drive to reach the Meuse River. U.S. forces within the Bastogne pocket kept retreating or were attempting to avoid fatal entrapment. Brigadier General Anthony C. McAuliffe, acting commander of the trapped 101st Airborne Division, was issued an ultamatum by the Germans at Bastogne : Surrender honorably or face annihilation his famous reply was " Nuts" . The U.S. third Army was by now beginning to attack the Germans in the Ardenns salient from the south having shifted from an offensive across the Saar, a brilliant maneuver by Patton. The Vietnamese Liberation Army under Vo Nguyen Giap was formed in Indochina
I’ll fill in the gap for a bit.
On December 23, 1940, Churchill broadcasted a personal appeal to the Italian people, reminding them of their alliance with Britain in World War I, and pointing out that it was really only Mussolini who had led them into a war that would ruin them. And he had a point, because the Italians were faring badly against the Brits in North Africa at the time.
Around the same time, German bombers heavily attacked the city of Manchester.
On December 23, 1941, Japan finally won the Battle of Wake Island. It was a costly victory though, and Dec 23 was their second invasion, needed to finally overcome the much smaller American force that held the island.
Tanks a bunch the hollidays and a stomach bug had me under the weather again tanks
Dec 26 1939 The British began mining the east coast from the Moray Firth to the Thames estuary
1941 Russian forces landed on the Kerch Peninsula in an effort to relive Sevastopol. The Japaanese broke through the Perak River defense line in Mayla and pushed through to Ipoh, which was evacuated by the defending Indian division. Manila was declaired an open city. All troops were removed and military supplies destoyed. Japanese bombings continued.
1942 More Allied troops and tanks were landed in New Guinea at Oro Bay. Free French met no opposition in occupying French Somaliland. They secured the rail line from Djibouti to Addi Ababa. Soviet troops advanced to within 105 miles of Rostov.
1943 In the classic duel between capital ships Scharnhorst was sunk while attempting to intercept an allied convoy to Murmansk. The German ship was first hit by 4 torpedoes launched by British and Norwegian destroyers. Badly damaged Scharnhorst was then attacked by the British Battleship Duke of York, 3 Cruisers and 6 Destroyers. Within minutes it rolled over to starboard and sank. The crew sang " Over a seaman’s Grave no roses bloom" as it was going under, and there were only 36 survivors of the 1900 man crew. Scharnhorsts destuuction ended effective German efforts to block the Murmansk convoys. For the rest of the war thr Allied loss rate was only four percent for each convoy
1944 Bastogne’s siege was lifted as tanks of the U.S. 4th Armored Division broke the German enciclement. Only the tanks were able to penetrate initially as the Germans contested any advance through the corridor. Thus ended the Ardennes offensive, a tactical victory for the Germans. But it was so costly that the German army was never able to recover from from its staggering losses, including 220,000 men (half of them prisoners) and more than 1,400 tanks and heavy assult guns. The et effect of the final German offensive was to delay the Allies by 6 weeks. The Akyab peninsula in Burma was cleared after the Japanese decided to withdraw. Japanese naval ships attacked U.S. beachhead positions on Mindoro in the Phillipines.
Dec 27 1939 Washington protested the British seizure of U.S. mail en route to Europe. France and Britian began seeking permission from Sweden for the shipment of “unoffical” aid to Finland through Sweden. Two German Army noncommissoned officers were kiled by Poles in a Warsaw suburb bar. The bar owner was immidiatly hanged and 120 Poles selected at random were shot and killed. Indian troops began arriving in France to join the British Expeditionary Force.
1941 British Commando raids were made on Vaagso and the Lofoten Islands of Norway.
1942 Indian forces reached the tip of Mayu peninsula in Burma. The drive for Akyab continued unopposed.
1943 Ortona fell to the Allies after two weeks of house to house fighting in the Italian city. The Marines at Cape Gloucester on New Britian advanced 3 miles toward the airfield. Russian forces cut the Rail line out of Vitebsk.
1944 A secure corridor out of Bastogne was cleared as trucks and ambulances sped in to assist the trapped Americans. Budapest was totally blocked as Russian forces sealed the city on all sides. Fighting broke out in the eastern and western suburbs
1937 Tsinan fell to the Japanese without opposition
Dec 28 1940 To stretch out its petroleum supplies the Japanese embarked on a substitute fuel program to power private automobiles. Charcoal was the prime replacement to be used instead of gasoline
1941 German and British tank forces inflicted heavy losses on each other as the 8th Army resumed offensive action and drove toward Agedabia. Manila was bombed by Japanese planes.
1942 Hitler approved the withdrawal of Army Group A from the Caucasus.
1943 After prolonged bitter fighting, Ortona was finally captured by the British 8th Army. British talks with the Turks were held to bring Turkey into the war.
1944 The projected advance toward Bologna by the U.S. 5th Army was postponed because of the losses sustained in the Serchio valley fighting. But the Germans were already beginning to withdraw from the valley.
1937 King Carol II of Rumania named an anti-semitic fascist, Octavian Goga to head the new Government. Goga immidiately embarked on a program to establish a dictatorship, extend the power of his party’s private Army, and restrict and harass Jews.
1933 General Kurt von Hammerstein, chief of the German Army Command, resigned. He was the last outspoken anti-Nazi military leaders, and Hitler was now able to manipulate the Army as he wished.
Dec 29 1939 Finnish forces administered a resounding defeat to the Russians at Suommusalmi.
1940 Roosevelt called for a direct arms aid program to Britian “The Nazi masters of Germany have made it clear that they intend not only to dominate all life and thought in their own country, but also to enslave the whole of Europe, and then to use the resources of Europe to dominate the rest of the world … The people of Europe who are defending themselves do not ask us to do their fighting. They ask us for the implements of war, the planes, the tanks, the guns, the freighters which willenable them to fight for their liberty and our security.” Incendiary bombs were dropped in massive quantities on London. 1,500 fires were started.
1941 Kerch and Feodosiya were recaptured by Russiananphibious forces in the Crimea. the German, however, maintained their drive toward Sevestapol. On the central front the Germans continued withdrawing from the Moscow area.
1942 Kotelnikovo, southwest of Stalingrad, was recaptured by the Russians.
1943 The Russian first Ukrainian front, under Marshal Vatutin began a spectacular breakthrough along a 185 mile front west of Kiev. 22 German Divisions were hurled back to the Plish border. The airfield at Cape Gloucester on New Britian was taken by U.S. Marines who suffered few casualties. Counter attacks on the Arawe peninsulawere repulsed. Chinese 28th Division forces made progress in advancing toward the Tarung river in Burma, dispersing the Japanese at a key strongpoint.
1944 Door to door fighting broke out in central Budapest. The provisional Hungarian government declared war on Germany.
1934 Japan declared its intenion not to adhere to the provisions of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty which had established imposed limitations on the relative size of each Nations fleets ( 5, 5, 3, 1.67, 1.67 for the U.S., Britian, Japan, Italy, and France respectivel
Dec 30 1939 China’s revivified air force was dealt a crushing defeat over Liuchow. 40 Chinese fighters challenged 13 Japanese Type 96 planes. In the ensuing air battle 14 Chinese planes were shot down without a Japanese loss.
1941 U.S. and Filipino forces abandoned their defensive line on Luzon and began pulling back to their final positions before Bataan. The British halted their drive for Agedabia in Libya after loosing still more tanks to what were now concluded to be superior German armored vehicles. Kaluga, 90 miles southwest of Moscow was recaptured by the Russians.
1943 An airstrip at Piva on Bougainville was activated by the U.S… Cape Gloucester was cleared, giving the Allies controll of western New Britian.
1944 German units sought to close the Bastogne corridor, forcing the americans toabandon an attack on Houffalize.
1934 Mussolini issued a secret order to the Italian military for “the desruction of the Absyssinian (Ethiopian) armed forces and the total conquest of Ethiopia”.
Dec 31 1940 Hitler wrote to Mussolini and said he regretted Franco’s decision not to join the fighting on the side of the Axis. The British civilian air raid casualty toll for the month: 3793 killed, 5244 wounded.
1941 With the Japanese forces 30 miles away, Manila was evacuated. The isolated Axis garrison at Bardia was assulted by south African and British troops. The Germabs eased their pressure on Sevestopol and moved to halt the Russian forces advancing from Kerch and Feodosiya.
1942 The Japanese decided to evacuate Guadalcanal and establih a new defensive line in New Georgia. An outnumbered Royal Navy force engaged the German pocket Battleship Lutzow, cruiser Hipper, and 6 destroyers while escorting a convoy to Russia. A British destroyer and minesweeper were sunk, a German destroyer was lost and Hipper badly damaged. Hitler was infuriated by the outcome which he learned about from a B.B.C. broadcast it also resulted in the resignation of Raeder as commanded in chief of the German Navy, and almost led to the scrapping of Germany’s larger ships. Raeder’s successor , Karl Donitz talked Hitler out of turning what was left of German Naval power into scrap. Free French troops from Chad advanced into southern Fezzan of Libya. British civilian air raid casualties for the last 5 months were 743 killed 986 wounded.
1943 Red Army units captured Zhitomir, leaving Vitebsk virtually isolated. Herman resistance at this time decame fierce. 10 British civilians were killed in air raids . for the 3 month total was 247 killed and 561 wounded.
1944 The U.S. 77th Division, in 11 days of fighting on Leyte, killed 5779 Japanese while loosing 17 Americans. R.A.F. Mosquitos attacked the Gestapo head quarters in Oslo. Gaining some lost ground in the Serchio valley of Italy, the U.S. 5th Army was able to restore the lines of last October. British civilian air raid casualties for the month were 367 killed and 847 wounded
Jan 2 1940 Soviet forces launched major offensives actions against the Finnish positions on the Karelian isthmus. Washington again protested Britians interference with the U.S. mail
1&2 1941 British naval and air forces pounded Bardia continuously to soften the Italian defense position in the extreme northwest Libya for a ground assult.
1 1942 The United Nations was conceived in Washington with 26 signatories vowing to employ their full resorces, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact and its adherents. They agreed not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies. U.S. and Filipino forces insouthern Luzon retreated after blowing up bridges across the Pampanga river. The south Luzon force was disbanded. Sarawak was abandoned by the british after the oil fields facilities were destroyed. The Germans executed 23 Czech workers as saboteurs.
2 1942 The Japanese occupied Manila and the Naval base at Cavite in the Phillipines. Corregidor came under daily air attack. Chinese troops began ariving in Burma to aid in the defese of the British territory. Japanese planes caused widespread destruction in raids on Singapore. British and South Africian troops recaptured Bardia,taking 7000 prisoners.
1943 Jan1 Red Army troops continued to reduce the pocket in which the German 6th Army was trapped around Stalingrad. The Germans were compressed to an area of only 25 by 40 miles. The key Rail center of Veilikiye Luki, about 250 miles west of Moscow was taken by the Russians. The town had been under German occupation since August 1941. In order to avoid encirclement Kleist’s Army Group A began falling back toward Rostov from the Caucasus, pursued by the Russian 39th Army. German U-boat operational strenth reached 212 its peak of the war they were assigned as follows Atl 164 Med 24 Arctic 21 Black Sea 3.
Jan 2 Resistance ended at Buna in Papua . about 2800 Japanese were killed in the campaign. U.S. and Australian casualties 620 dead 2,065 wounded and 132 missing. The overland threat to Port Moresby was now ended, and Japan could no longer count on establishing a southern flank anchored on New Guinea or freely impending Allied naval and air movements north of Australia.
Jan 1 1944 Rommel was appointed to command Army Group B covering the expected invasion front from Brittany to the Netherlands.
Jan 2 Russian forces advance to within 18 miles of the original Polish-Russian frontier.
1945Japanese Kamikazes attacked the American fleet leaving Leyte Gulf for Luzon. Danish underground forces destroyed a factory in Copenhagen producing V-2 parts. The corridor into Bastogne was expanded by the 4th Armored Division. In its last major operation of the war, the Luftwaffe sent 800 planes against Allied air bases and ports in France and the Low countries. The results were disasterous for the Germans as 364 of the aircraft were downed. About 125 Allied planes were lost but operations continued from the target fields
Jan1 Operation NORWIND, a German counter attack was launched in the Esztergom-Bicske area of Hungary, which was occupied by the Russians who were using it as a base to attack Budapest
1934 The German government ordered an aircraft building program with the Luftwaffe to be supplied with 4,021 new aircraft by Oct 1935
,Jan 3 1940 Roosevelt requested 1.8 Billion for National defence in his annual budget request to congress. Mussolini sent a placating letter to Hitler to help offset Italy’s condemnations of Germany’s pact with Russia, but the Duce continued to undercut the German move: "the solution of your Lebensraum is in Russia not elsewhere.
1941 The recently arrived Australian 6th Division broke through the Bardia defenses and captured the city. Italian losses were 10,000 killed or wounder and 30,000 prisoners were taken. Italy had now lost 8 divisions since the British offensive began. British Commonwealth casualties in taking Bardia were fewer than 500 men. Italian forces launched a counteroffensive in Albania. Units of the Luftwaffe began arriving in Albania to assist the Italians. British bombers attacked the German port city of Bremen.
Roosevelt and Churchill announced a unified command for the southwest Pacific, General Sir Archibald P. Wavell as supreme commandeder of Allied forces. Wavell was directed to hold a line from Malaya through Sumatra, Java and northern Australia. Chiang Kai-shek was given command of the Cinia theater of operations. The British chiefs of staff directed the home forces to begin planning operations for a second front in western Europe ( it was the genwsis of what would be the Normandy invasion 29 months latter ). Japanese troops invaded Labuan Island in Brunei Bay and met no opposition.
1943 Red Army troops pursued the retreating German Armies northward from the Caucasus, occupying Mozdok and Malgobek.
1944 Russian units drove across the prewar border into Poland, cutting the rail line to Warsaw
1945 German units penetrated Aachenin their counterattack against the U.S. 7th Army but were thrown back. Rundstedt began pulling out some of his troops and Armored forces. Akyab on the Arakan front in Burma was captuired by British and Idian forces. American 3rd Fleet units attacked Japanese units around Formosa, Okinawa, and the Pescadores. Despite bad weather the 2 day oerationnetted 12 ships sunk and 110 planes destroyed for the loss of 18 U.S. planes. Wanting was recaptured by the Chinese, but the Japanese drove the Chinese out of the Sino-Burmese border town by nightfall. Turkey broke off diplomatic relations with Japan. The first Canadian draftees to be sent abroad sailed for Europe from Halifax, of the 60,000 men in this catagory many seemed not interested, 6,300 were A.W.O.L. at sailing time, as they boarded they dropped their rifles into the water from the gangplank. All in all 13,000 draftees did go to Europe.
1935 Ethiopia appealed to the League for actions “to safegaurd peace” which Addis Ababa claimed had been broken by Italy.
Jan 4 1940 Goring was given total authority over all German industries involved in the production of war materials.
1442 Japanese forces bombed Rabaul for the first time. The air offensive signaled Toyko’s intention of seizing the strategic air and naval base in the Bizark Archipelago. The Russians recaptured Borovsk. Indian leaders promised to support the Allied war effort if Britian granted India domininion status. 3rd-12th Chinese troops routed a Japanese force estimated at 70,000 men in a major battle in the Hunan provincial capital of Changsha.
1944 German school children were mobilized for war related duty. U.S. aircraft began transporting supplies to partisan units in western Europe in prparation for eventual disruptive action behind German lines. Yugoslav Partisans captured Banja Luka. British 46th Division forces crossed the Peccia River in Italy but only after overcoming stiff opposition.
1945 The U.S. invasion force approaching Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines was subject to heavy Japanese air attack. The escort carrier Ommaney Bay had to be sunk by other U.S. ships after being hit by a Kamikaze. The occupation of Akyab was completed. German troops attempted but failed to fight their way out of Budapest.
1932 Japanese units completed their occupation of south Manchuria by entering Shanhaikuan
1938 Chancellor Schuschnigg restated Austria’s policy of remaining politically independent: we remain ourselves alone……to render great service to the German people as a whole."
1939 Prince Konoye resigned as Japans premier