On this day during W.W. 2


  • 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 '14 '13 Moderator

    @captain-walker Beautiful pic. Thank you.


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    February 11, 1940. Finland

    With the Mannerheim Line weakening, Timoshenko opens his main attack. From morning till noon massive artillery barrage (heard 100 miles away), then 120,000 Soviet troops attack into the 12 mile Summa gap. 123rd division penetrates the Lähde sector and 245th Rifle Regiment under Colonel Rosly takes Fort Poppius at 13:30hrs by parking armoured cars in front of the machine gun ports. Finns try to plug the gap but are cut down by Soviet tanks. Strangely, Soviets do not send in reinforcements to exploit this gap. Fighting goes on around Million Fort all night.

    Photo: The Red Army’s light tank platoon ready to attack the Karelian Isthmus

    Source: worldwar2daybydayred army tanks.jpg


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    Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival (right), led by a Japanese officer, walks under a flag of truce to negotiate the capitulation of Allied forces in Singapore, on 15 February 1942. It was the largest surrender of British-led forces in history.

    brit surrender.jpg


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    20 February 1945

    Navy Doctors, Corpsmen and a Chaplain administer to the wounded at an Iwo Jima Aid Station.

    Navy Chaplain Lieutenant (Junior Grade) John H. Galbreath (right center) is kneeling beside a man who has severe flash burns, received in an artillery battery fifty yards or so away.

    "… a sizeable element of beach defenders had survived the Navy’s rolling barrage and added their weight to the fire. As one marine battalion commander remarked, “You could’ve held up a cigarette and lit it on the stuff going by”.

    Photographed by Warrant Officer Obie Newcomb, Jr., USMCR.

    (Colourised by Royston Leonard)iwo jima.jpg


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    21st Feb 1940
    Germany

    Adolf Hitler authorized the Operation Weserübung, the invasion of Norway. Lieutenant General Falkenhorst was ordered to submit his final invasion plan by 1700 hours on the same day. Having no clue he was to be assigned this commanding role prior to the meeting and given little time to prepare, Falkenhorst purchased a traveler’s guide to Norway and used it to design a general invasion plan; the general plan he would devise in his hotel room in the next few hours would generally agree with the plan the OKW had come up with thus far.norway1.jpg


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima.

    This iconic photograph was taken by Joe Rosenthal 74 years ago on this day, February 23rd 1945. It depicts 6 US Marines raising an American flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the fierce Battle of Iwo Jima, Japan.

    Colourised by Marina Amaraliwo flag.jpg


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    February 25, 1945

    US. Ensign Ardon Rector Ives #382583 of Rockford, Mich., appears to be calmly unbuckling his seat belt and readying to escape from his burning Grumman F6F-5 ‘Hellcat’ of VF-9 fighter carrier group.

    His fighter burst into flames when it hit a barrier and other planes while landing on the USS Lexington (CV-16) on February 25 1945.

    Ardon Ives was KIA in a dogfight with Japanese fighters just a few weeks later on March 18 1945, aged 23.

    (Initially classified as MIA until May 22 1945)

    Ensign Ardon Rector Ives, United States Navy, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (Posthumously) for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight as a Fighter Pilot embarked in U.S.S. Yorktown from 16 February 1945 to 18 March 1945.

    He is buried in his home town of Rockford, Kent County, Michigan.

    (Photo source - US Navy)
    hellcat.jpg


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    Salvage work continuing on the sunken battleship USS Arizona in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 25 February 1942. Note Arizona’s two after main turrets being pumped out and disassembled.arizona.jpg


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    February 25, 1945

    USMC 5th Division Marines grouped behind their Browning M1919 .30 calibre machine gun, display Japanese battle flags captured during the first few days of the bloody fight for Iwo Jima.

    It was the men of the Fifth who fought their way to the top of Mount Suribachi to raise the American flag on the rim of the crater.

    The 5th Division landed on Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945, southeast of Mount Suribachi. The division sustained heavy initial losses, so much so that by that afternoon, the 26th Marine Regiment had to be released as the division reserve.

    On February 23, two American flags were raised on Mount Suribachi by members of the 28th Marine Regiment. The 5th Division would fight on Iwo Jima from February 19 until March 26 where they would sustain 2,482 killed in action, 19 missing in action, and 6,218 wounded in action. This was the highest casualty rate among the three Marine divisions involved in the invasion.

    (U.S. Navy Official photograph)
    iwo jima marines.jpg


  • 2019 2018

    @captain-walker

    wow that’s gotta be close to a 50% casualty rate for the 5th



  • 1943:
    The battle of Kasserine ends when the city is occupied by the Allies. Axis attack causes roughly 10,000 casualties against 2,000 Axis dead.
    The RAF begins ‘round the clock’ air offensive over Europe. Nuremberg heavily bombed at night.


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    Men of the 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division march through the Kasserine Pass, Tunisia. February 26th 1943.kasserine.jpg



  • 26 February 1942

    Indian ocean: American seaplane tender Langley, on the way to Java, is sunk by Japanese air action.

    North Africa: British XIII Corps take up positions on the Gazala-Bir Hacheim line; XXX Corps prepares a defensive line on Egyptian frontier and in the Jarabub oasis. British aircraft bomb Benghazi and Tripoli 2nd day straight.

    Philippines: Japanese amphibious troops leave Luzon for Mindoro.


  • 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    @Phelan-Kell said in On this day during W.W. 2:

    26 February 1942

    Indian ocean: American seaplane tender Langley, on the way to Java, is sunk by Japanese air action.

    I once saw a two-part, 1960s-ish US Navy documentary about the evolution of aircraft carriers and it mentions the USS Langley, a.k.a. CV-1, the USN’s first carrier (and, as a footnote, also the USN’s first ship with turbo-electric propulsion). Its capacities were limited, but it was only meant to serve as an experimental platform for the development of carrier technology, operational techniques and doctrine, and much was learned from those early pioneering days. The documentary’s narrator has a memorable line in which he says that, decades later, it was a source of great pride for a dwindling number of grey-haired naval aviators to say to their younger buddies, “I flew from the Langley.”


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    April 20, 1945 Battle of Berlin

    It’s Adolf Hitler’s 56th birthday and the Soviets send their regards by bringing their artillery in range of the city center. The shelling did not stop until the city surrendered.
    After a brief birthday celebration, the generals urged Hitler to flee Berlin for southern Germany to continue the fight.
    The 1st Belorussian Front advanced towards the east and north-east of the city, the 1st Ukrainian Front pushed through the last formations of the northern wing of Army Group Centre and passed north of Juterbog, well over halfway to the American front line on the river Elbe at Magdeburg.
    To the north between Stettin and Schwedt, the 2nd Belorussian Front attacked the northern flank of Army Group Vistula, held by Hasso von Manteuffel’s III Panzer Army.russian bombard.jpg


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    April 30, 1941. North Africa

    Rommel gets Paulus’ permission to attack Tobruk. At 2000 hours, German tanks break through the perimeter under cover of dark and an artillery barrage, Overnight, German infantry overrun several Australian gun posts but some hold out, preventing a complete collapse of the defences. To their right, Italian Brescia Division fails to break in.

    Photo: German infantry assault party with tank support on its way through the wire obstacles in front of Tobruk.

    Source: worldwar2daybydaytobruk assault.jpg


  • 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    It’s ironic that Friedrich Paulus was sent (as an OKH staff officer) to consult with Rommel in April 1941 with regard to the Tobruk operation because a couple of years later there was another overlap between the two officers. The Stalingrad campaign was on its last legs in early 1943, with Paulus and his staff surrendering on January 31st. At the same time, the North Africa campaign was winding down: Tripoli fell to the Allies on January 23; the Allies entered Tunisia in March, and Rommel left for Germany on March 9. Both defeats were bad news for the Axis side.


  • 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 '14 '13 Moderator

    @CWO-Marc Nice observation, Marc.


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    5/3/1945
    A BF-109-E was successfully grown from root stock.bf1009.jpg


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    May 6, 1940. Norway

    At Narvik, the Allies tighten the noose around General Dietl’s Regiment. South Wales Borderers (part of British 24th Brigade) are in position 5 miles West of Narvik, while French Chasseurs Alpins and Colonial artillery troops continue to press their attack on Labergdal Pass to the North, across the fjord. Both are held by German perimeter forces. However, Germans bomb Allied ships near Narvik. British cruiser HMS Enterprise is slightly damaged by a near miss (1 Marine killed).

    German 2nd Gebirgsjäger Division continues their slow march North from Trondheim to reinforce Dietl’s Regiment.

    At 1400 hours, British submarine HMS Sealion attacks German transports Moltkefels and Neidenfels in the Skagerrak. Sealion fires 6 torpedoes, claiming three hits. But all torpedoes miss the targets and the transports are not damaged.

    At 1525 hours 30 miles East of Denmark, British submarine HMS Snapper fires 2 torpedoes at German armed merchant cruiser Widder but both miss.

    Photo: French troops in the Narvik sector, 1940.

    Source: worldwar2daybyday

    french troops.jpg


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    May 13, 1940. Western Front

    Northern France. In the morning, Rommel sends motorcycle troops across the Meuse River over a weir & lock gate at Dinant, while Guderian’s troops cross in rubber boats at Sedan in the afternoon following intensive bombing of French defensive positions. Despite French artillery bombardment, they both establish bridgeheads and by the evening they have pontoon bridges in place and tanks are rolling over.

    Holland. German 9th Panzer Division reaches the outskirts of Rotterdam and 22nd Flieger Division holds onto bridges in the city. Dutch Queen Wilhelmina leaves at noon on HMS Hereward. Her government exiles to London at 17:20 hours on HMS Windsor.

    Belgium. Battle of Hannut continues. To cover the Gembloux gap, French tanks line up abreast in a long thin line. Large groups of Panzers easily punch through, causing havoc in the French rear and Prioux retreats to the defensive line at Gembloux. Over 2 days French lost 105 tanks, Germans 160.

    Winston Churchill first enters the House of Commons as Prime Minister, accompanied by his predecessor Chamberlain who receives a better reception by far. Churchill gives his “Blood, toil, tears and sweat” speech.

    Photo: A Panzer II and other motorised units of the 10th Panzer Division at Wadelincourt, head for the Meuse River on the left flank of the German assault during the Battle of Sedan. May 13 or 15, 1940

    Colourised by Royston Colour
    france attack.jpg


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    Panorama of German and Italian prisoners in Tunisia after the capitulation of the African Corps on May 13, 1943.italian surrender.jpg


  • 2019 2017 2016 2015 '13

    May 14, 1942. Eastern Front

    Second Battle of Kharkov. Soviets continue advancing West out of the Izyum salient, but Soviet 28th Army, forming the Northern pincer advancing from another salient near Volchansk, is pounded to a standstill by Luftwaffe Fliegerkorps VIII, newly-arrived from the Crimea. Soviet fighters sent in to engage the Germans are decisively beaten despite being numerically superior. Hitler orders General Ewald von Kleist to counterattack with his 1st Panzergruppe. In the Black Sea, Soviet destroyer Dzerzhinski sinks on a Soviet mine near Sevastopol.

    Source: worldwar2daybyday

    stuka 2.jpg


  • 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 '14 '13 Moderator

    @captainwalker Stukas: now I am excited!


  • 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 '14 Customizer '13 '12 '11 '10

    @Wittmann said in On this day during W.W. 2:

    @captainwalker Stukas: now I am excited!

    And on that subject, note that the photo correctly shows (for the spring 1942 period) conventional Stukas, not the Ju 87G Kanonenvogel tankbuster version which entered service about a year later and first went into combat at Kursk. The Ju 87G is easily recognizable by its large underwing 37mm cannon pods. To put things in perspective, this was the same caliber gun which was the main weapon of the early versions of the Panzer III.


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