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Author Topic: on this day during W.W. 2  (Read 15505 times)
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« Reply #90 on: March 04, 2012, 06:33:13 pm »
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 If I miss a day here or there, it doesnt mean I gave up on this post, I may have some real busy days as the Executor of the will
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« Reply #91 on: March 06, 2012, 04:58:05 pm »
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Mar 6 1940 France and Italy concluded a trade agreement providing for an increase in the volume of trade between the two countries.

 1941 Churchill issued his " Battle of the Atlantic Directive," giving highest priority to measures for knocking out German U-Boats and bombers blocking shipments to Britian.     German aircraft began dropping acoustic magnetic mines in the Suez canal, furtger impeading the flow of British supplies to Greece and North Africa. The initial mine-laying operation had the immidiate effect of blocking the vital waterway for three weeks while the waters were cleared.

 1942 All installations in Rangoon which might be useful to the Japanese were ordered destroyed.      Batavia fell to the Japanese

 1943 Rommel fought his last battle in Africa, directing an offensive against British positions at Medenine. The Germans were routed, losing 50 tanks before retiring.  Coincidenttally, General George S Patton at the very same time took command of the U.S.II Army Corps.     Allied convoy SC 121 in the north Atlantic came under U-Boat attack. ( 13 of the 56 ships were eventually lost)         Japan again told Berlin it could not enter the war against the Russians

 1944 Round the clock bombing operations against Germany began with a U.S. 800-plane daylight raid against Berlin in which 2,000 tons of bombs were dropped.     About 400 Japanese were killed in an unsuccessful bid to cross the Tanai River in Burma.    Red Army troops advanced along a 100 mile front in Ukraine.     U.S. Marines landed near Talasea on new Britian and established a 2,000 yard deep bridgehead

 1945 U.S. Ninth Army forces completed clearing the area from the Rhor to the Rhine Rivers.    Colonge was largly cleared of German troops.    German forces counterattacked around Lake Balaton in Hungary.    U.S.Air Force fighters began operating out if Iwo Jima.    Allied units crossed the Irrawaddy 30 miles from Mandalay.

 1938 Japanese forces reached the Yellow river in China.

  March of 42 Allied Merchant shipping losses were the heaviest of the war. In all 273 ships were lost, a total of 834,164 tons. Ninety five were sunk in the North Aylantic, 98 in the Far East. The safestof the convoy routes  was Murmansk where only one of 110 ships hauling material to Russia had been lost in 1942 and through March 1942. It was at this juncture, however, that the Germans began shifting their Naval and Air strenth to Norway and began scoring dramatic successes on the Nothern convoys.
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« Reply #92 on: March 07, 2012, 06:02:27 pm »
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Mar 7 1941 British troops began disembarking at Geek ports

 1942 Japanese forces landed unopposed at Lae and Salamaua on New Guinea.    Britsh troops began moving out of Rangoon, but their withdrawl to Prome in the north was obstructed by the Japanese who blocked the road at Taukkyan.     Communication was lost with the last defenders in Java as the Japanese completed their occupation of the island.

 1944 Moscow said it considered thr Curzon line unacceptable as the post war border between Russia and Poland, holding that the frontier shuld be further west.    The 33rd Division of Lieutenant General Renya Mutaguchi's fifteenth Army launched Operation U-GO, a major Japanese offensive aimed at capturing the Imphal plain and smashing the British IV Corps.

 1945 The Rhine River was crossed at Remagen by the U.S. 9th Armored Division. The historic crossing of the natural barrier to the German heartland came when the Ludendorff rail bridge was found intact. The 9th and 78th divisions were quickly moved into position to exploit the major breakthrough. German artillary failed to destroy the bridge as U.S. troops and equipment poured over the Rhine.    All German resistance north of Moselle River began collapsing.    The Jewish Brigade entered Italy, crossing the Montone River in  its first encounter.    Japanese 7th Division troops counterattacked in an effort to recapture Meiktila in Burma. The 17th Indian Division was trapped as the Japanese captured Taungtha. Lashio fell to the Chinese 37th Division.     The Allies declared Goebbels and Ribbentrop to be war criminals.

    March 3 1942 Two Japanese "Emiily" bombers from the Marshals (refueled by submarines) attacked Hawaii. The nightime attack was unsuccessful, hampered in part by cloud conditions. Pearl Harbor was again the target, but one plane missed the Naval base by 6 miles and dropped its four bombs on Mount Tantalus. The other plane's four bombs fell harmlessly in the Pacific.
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« Reply #93 on: March 08, 2012, 06:53:40 pm »
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Mar 8 1941 The U.S. senate voted to approve lend-lease by a margine of 60 to31.

 1942 Ragoon fell to the Japanese.Loss of the Bumese capital was particulary serious to the Allied cause because it cut off the last port through which supplies could be funneled over the Burma Road to China.. British forces cleared the roadblock at Taukkyan to permit the retreat northward.     The Naval base at Surbaya in Java was occupied by the Japanese.

 1943 Japanese forces crossed the Yangtze River between Ichang and Yoyang.     British First Army forces fell back near Tamera in Tunisia.     The U.S. ambassador in Moscow-Admiral William Standly-said the Soviet government was suppressing news of American aid: "It is not fair to mislead Americans into giving millions from their pockets, thinking that they are aiding the Russian people, without the Russian people knowing it".

 1944 Japanes forces in Burma openedna strong drive toward Imphal.     Allied positions on Bougainville came under the Japanese Artillery fire.Four aircraft were lost, and the undamaged planes were withdrawn to New Georgia.    Russian forces were within 60 miles of Rumania.    U.S. bombers resumed heavy raids on German targets. Accompanied by longer range fighters which provided protection to and over targets,590 Eighth Air Force planes atytacked the Erkner ball-bearing factory in Berlin, inflicting damage which caused production slowdowns. Thirty seven of the American planes were lost.

 1945 U.S. trops pushed into Bonn.    British and Canadian units reached the Rhine at Xanthen.    Remnants of twoGerman army corps retreated across the Rhine, giving the Allies full control of the area west of the river.     Thirty thousand Germans surrendered in the former Polish corridor.    Secret talks began between Allen DULLES, oss commander in nothern Italy,on ending the war in Italy. Field Marshal Kesselring was willing to stop the fighting if the forces under his command could be repatriated and fight with the Allies against  Russia. Stalin when he learned of the talks, accused Britian and the U.S. of duplicity.    Hitler decreed:" anyone captured without being wounded or without having fought to the limit of his powers has forfeited his honor. He is expellrd from the fellowship of decent and brave soldiers. His dependents will be held responsible".
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« Reply #94 on: March 09, 2012, 04:26:59 pm »
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Mar 9 1940 Britian and France told the finns, troops and planes would be sent to fight the Russians if Helsinki would request such aid.    admiral Raeder told Hitler the British and French might occupy Norway and Sweden under the pretext of aiding the Finns and encouraged an invasion of Norway at the earliest time.

 1942 The Dutch formally surrendered Java to the Japanese.

 1943 Arnim succeeded Rommel as commander of Axis forces in Africa. Rommel left Africa for the last time.    The Russian people were told for the first time, in a radio broadcast, that the Soviet Union was receiving supplies from Britian and the U.S.      SS Panzer corps units reached the western outskirts of Kharkov.     British Chindits in Burma began operations east of the Irrawaddy River.    A German submarine, U-510 sank nine ships off the coast of Brazil.

 1944 Red Army troops advanced to Tarnopol where house to house fighting developed.     The Talasea airstrip on New Britian was taken by U.S. Marines without opposition.     The first Chinese Army and Merrill's Marauders captured Walawbum in Burma, giving them full control of the Hukawng Valley.

 1945  The main body of the U.S. Third Army reached the Rhine.     Japanese troops began attacking French garrisons in Indochina and removing all vestages of Vichy rule.     Units of the 19th Indian Division broke into Mandalay which was bitterly defended by the Japanese.    The 3rd Marine Division reached the northern coast of Iwo Jima, splitting the Japanese defenders.     B-29's firebombed Japanese cities hitting Tokyo the hardest. More than 83,000 were killed and 40,000 wounded in the Japanese capital. Itr was one of the most destructive air attacks in history. About 16 square miles of Tokyo were obliterated. A total of 279 Superforts hit the city from an altitude of 7,000 feet.

 1936  Poland secretly proposed to France that they jointly attack Germany. Paris declined. Warsaw concluded that regional alliances were useless
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« Reply #95 on: March 12, 2012, 04:28:04 pm »
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 Mar 12 1940 The Russo-Finnish war ended with an agreement signed in Moscow. Russia got an area of about 16,000 square miles, including the Karelian Isthmus, the naval base at Hango, and the city of Viipuri. Two hundred thousand Finns in the ceded area were to be sent to Finland. The campaign cost Russia a dear price. More than 68,000 men were killed in action, and 1,600 tanks and 700 aircraft were lost. Finland suffered 24,923 military dead.

 1941 Mar 10 Japan resolved a number of outstanding disputes in south east Asia by winning a French cession of Cambodian territory to Thailand and recieving a monopoly on the production of all rice produced in Indochina. French authorities in Indochina also granted Japan full use of the Saigon airport. Previously, Japanhad sought military rights only in the Northern section of Vietnam.
 Mar 12 Roosevelt requested $ 7 billion in military credit to Britian under the new lend-lease law. Churchill expressed British thanks for the measure, hailing it as a "Magna Charta".      Italian forces in Albania launched another offensive along a 130 mile long front in an effort to throw Greek forces back to their own territory.

 1942 Mar 10 All Allied forces in the Dutch East Indies surrendered unconditionally.     The Port of Finschhhafen in Northeast New Guinea was taken by the Japanese.     More thana hundred U.S. carrier based planes attacked Japanese shipping and troop concentrations on New Guinea
 11th General MacArthur, his wife and amall child left Correigidor on a P.T. boat for Mindanao....."I shall return"MacArthur " told the Filipinos in a final message. 
 12th A U.S. Army force of 17,500 men landed at Noumea in New Caledonia.     The Japanese Imperial Gaurds Division was landed without opposition in Northern Sumatra.      The British garrison on the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal was evacuated because the sea plane base could no longer be defended  with the loss of Southern Burma.     Under Japanese auspices king Norodom Sihanouk proclaimed Cambodia's independence.
 Mar 11th The ChannelDash, A German straegic error,  I'll fil in a time line tomorrow.

 1943 Mar 9th A German submarine, U-510, sank nine ships off the coast of Brazil.

1944 The Czech government in London called for an armed civilian uprising in Czechoslovakia.     British troops made advances on the Arakan front in Burma, taking Razabil.     London ordered a halt to alltravel between the Irish Republic and Great Britian because the Irish refused to order German and Japanese diplomats out of the country.

 1945 Mar 9-10 On the night of 9-10 1945 ,waves of U.S. B-29's (279) delivered unequaled destruction of a population center-Tokyo. The Superforts dropped 1,665 tons of delay-fuzed napalm filled bombs which on impact spewed adhering fire as far as 100 feet. In only 30 minutes the incendiaries created an inferno which killed 83,793 Japanese. The actual causes of death were direct incineration, suffocation, or scalding, primarily of those forced into boiling canals and rivers. Another 41,000 victims were injured. More than a million people lost their lives in the 1944-1945 Allied air attacks as 15.8 square miles of central Tokyo were completly destroyed. It was the deadliest air raid in the war against Japan.
 12th Russian troops captured Kustrin, a German strong point on the eastern approaches to Berlin. The U.S.VIII Corps completed mopping up operations west of the Rhine.     The R.A.F. "earthquake" bomb was dropped for the first time. The 10 ton weapon was used to knock out the Bielefeld viaduct. 
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« Reply #96 on: March 13, 2012, 02:20:20 pm »
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Quote
1945 Mar 9-10 On the night of 9-10 1945 ,waves of U.S. B-29's (279) delivered unequaled destruction of a population center-Tokyo. The Superforts dropped 1,665 tons of delay-fuzed napalm filled bombs which on impact spewed adhering fire as far as 100 feet. In only 30 minutes the incendiaries created an inferno which killed 83,793 Japanese. The actual causes of death were direct incineration, suffocation, or scalding, primarily of those forced into boiling canals and rivers. Another 41,000 victims were injured. More than a million people lost their lives in the 1944-1945 Allied air attacks as 15.8 square miles of central Tokyo were completly destroyed. It was the deadliest air raid in the war against Japan.

Holy *#&!

That's worse than the bomb!
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« Reply #97 on: March 13, 2012, 05:39:24 pm »
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Yes it was more deadly than the bombs at either Hiroshima or Nagasaki.

 Mar 13 1941 Germany repeated its demand that Yugoslavia join the Axis. It became increasingly appearent to Berlin that German troops would be needed in Greece and access through Yugoslavia was essential.

 1942  March 11 10:45 P.M. Accompanied by a protective force of 6 destroyers and an array of smaller ships the German ships departed Brest.       12th 6:00 A.M. The column was still underected as it passed Cap de la Hague at the northern tip of the Cherbourg peninusla.     10:30 A.M. R.A.F. Spitfires identified the German armada but maintained radio silence and thus did not report their findings until landing,wasting precious time.       12:28 P.M. R.A.F.Swordfish torpedo bombers took off to attack.     12:30P.M. Five Royal Navy torpedo boats failed to penetrate the destroyer escort screen protecting the larger German ships and did not even engage the ships.     1:00 P.M. All of the attacking Swordfish aircraft were shot down and none of the torpedos hit.     2:31 P.M. The Scharnhorst hit a mine and suffered minor damage.     3:30 P.M. Six Royal Navy destroyers from Harwich attacked the Germans but inflicted no damage.      4:00P.M. About 25 of the 240 R.A.F bombers sent aloft were able to locate the Germans and started their attacks in poor visibility. They scored no significant hits, nor did they impaair the progress of the German ships       7:55 P.M. The Gneisenau struck a mine off the Dutch Island of Terschelling but no major damage resulted.     9:25 P.M. The Scharnhorst hit a second mine but suffered only minor damage.     Early on the 13th the Scharnhorst reached Wilhelmshaven and the Gneisenau and the Prinz Eugen put into Brunsbuttel

 1943 The first of two attempts to kill Hitler within the span of a few days failed. General Henning vonTresckow, who was Field Marshal Hans Gunther von Kluge's chief of staff, and an aid planted a bomb aboard Hitlers private plane. The device, made of plastic explosives was contained in a package supposedly containing two bottles of Brandy for delivery to a member of Hitlers staff at Wolfsschanze Hitlers military head quarters in East Prussia. The detonator failed as the conspirators discovered  when they recovered the bomb      Chinese troops hurled the Japanese backacross the Yangtzee River

 1944 Kherson was recaptured by the Russians who crossed thr lower Dnieper.    The Japanese 33rd and 15th divisions advanced toward the Imphal plain in Operation U-GO  took the British by surprise and treatened to cut off the retrating 17th and 20th Indian divisions.      In an outflanking amphibious operation,British west African troops landed on the Arakan coast.

 1945 A Japanese force was sealed inside Mandalay.      Congress voted 354 to 28 to extend the Lend-Lease act for one more year, but with the restictians it not be used for "post war relief,rehabilitation or reconstuction.
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« Reply #98 on: March 14, 2012, 04:48:38 pm »
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 Mar 14 1940 Only three of 30 Chinese fighters escaped destruction when they engaged a flight of 12 Japanese Zero's over Chengtu. The Japanese suffered no losses.

 1942 The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff decided to continue a defensive policy in the Pacific while building up American strenth in Britian for the offensive operations against Germany.     The first U.S. troops arrived in Australia.      MacArthur reached Mindanao.       Petain renamed Laval as premier of Vichy France.

 1943 Two German SS divisions recaptured Kharkov. Russian resistance west of the Donets River collapsed.

 1944 Russian troops closed the trap around the Germans at Nikolayev.      Indian forces attempting to pull back from the Imphal front found their path had been blocked by the Japanese.

 1945 U.S. 11th Armored and 90th Infantry Divisions units crossed the Moselle River southwest of Koblenz. First Army troops advanced to within two miles of the Autobahn linking Frankfurt and the Ruhr.      A total of 372 Luftwaffe planes attacked the Rhine River bridges during the past week. Allied antiaircraft shot down 80.      Adolf Eichmann declared he would go to his grave happy knowing he had helped kill six million Jews.     Only Fort Dufferin in Mandalay remained in Japanese hands.      A few Japanese pockets remained on Iwo Jima as U.S. Marines began mop-uo operations

 Mar 10 1933 Einstein declared he would not be returning to Germany: "as long as I have a choice in the matter, I shall live only in a country where civil liberty, tolerance, and equality of all citizens before the law prevail.....These conditions do not exist in Germany at the present time"

 Mar 12 1938 German army troops crossed into Austria at dawn. They met no resistance and were even embraced by the bulk of the civilianpopulation who displayed pride at the reunification of the Germanic peoples.

 Mar 14 1939 Under the threat of German invasion, Slovakia and ruthenia declared their independence, disolving the Czechoslovak state. Military action by the Czechs was beyond question since the mountainous boundry regions, offering natural defensive barriers, were now lost . Czech resistance was deemed suicidal. German troops occupied Ostrava and concentrated other units around Bohemia and Moravia
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« Reply #99 on: March 16, 2012, 05:31:09 pm »
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Sorry for the no post the last two days.....lots of funeral arrangements and early bed time and rise time, I'll catch up tomorrow,it could be a long post.       I think Norway was invaded,I'll check to make sure
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« Reply #100 on: March 17, 2012, 05:20:34 am »
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Mar 16 1941 Hitler predicted the war would be wonby the Axis by the end of the year     Berbera in British Somaliland was retaken by a small British kanding force from Aden
 17th The Italian defense of Keren in Eritrea began to collapse when British commonwealth reinforcements entered the assult on th fortress.    Jijiga in Ethiopia fell to British forces which had started off from Kenya and pressed through Italian Somaliland. The Britishnow had reached a point about a thousand miles from the Kenyan border in just five weeks.

 1942 The Soviet ambassadoir in London called on the British to begin diversionary military operations on the European continent to draw off the German strenth from the Russian front.     Australian based U.S.bombers attacked Japanese positions in the Philippines.
 17th General MacArtur arrived in Darwin, Aulstralia to take up his new duties as supreme commanser of Allied forces in the southwest Pacific theater.     Three U.S. fighter sqadrons began operating out of Darwin. The Kittyhawks were instrumental in  reducing the Japanese air theat.    Roosevelt recalled the U.S. ambassador to Vichy France, Admiral William D. Leahy.

 1943 16-19 Nazi U-Boat destruction reached its heighr in a running battle between 38 of the German underwater craft and two Allied convoys and their escorts in the North Atlantic. The official Royal Navy history of the war called the outcome a "serious disaster to the Allied cause".  The action occured along the east coast of Newfoundland when a fast eastbound (HX229) convoy overtook a slower moving one ( SC 122) Together they formed a mass of ships concentrated in a small area, which also happened to be along the patrol line of three U-Boat groups. In the end 21 of the Allied merchant ships were sunk, a loss of 141,000 tons. A naval escort ship was also lost. Only one of the U-Boats was destroyed when it came under aerial attack. The entire convoy concept was now in jeopardy and the British Admiralty questioned whether the war itself could be properly prosecuted, What tuned the tide was the introduction of long range aircraft, escort carriers and the development ofship and aircraft shortwave radar which pinpointed the presence and location of submarines.

 1944 16th New Zealand forces made only limited progess in their attacks at Cassino
 17th New Zealand units reached the rail station at Cassino.     Dubno, the Ukrainian rail and road junction was retaken by the Russians.     Finland rejected Russias terms for armistice.

 1945 Units of the 87th Division began attacks tto cross the Moselle near Winningen and Koblenz. To the south tanks of the U.S.4th Armored Division pierced 32 miles to the Nahe River and captured two bridges south of Bad Kreuznach. All resistance south of the Moselle now collapsed.     Soviet forces launched an offensive to take Vienna from bases in Hungary.     Iwo Jima was declared secure.     Kobe was bombed by B-52's resulting in 15'000 casualties.
 17th The U.S. 87th Division entered Koblenz.    Eisenhower called on civilians in Frankfurt and Mannheim to evacuate the cities.    The Ludendorf bridge at Remagen finally collapsed, but Allied forces were already firmly entrenched east of the Rhine. U.S. engineers had now been able to construct bridges rapidly completing one span in 10 hours and 11 minutes under battlefield conditions.     Japanese for ces on Iwo Jima were reduced to a pocket less than one-half square mile in size.     The 2nd British Division captured Ava on the Irrawaddy south of Mandalay.
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« Reply #101 on: March 18, 2012, 05:26:04 am »
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Mar 18 1940
 Hitler and Mussilini conferred at the Brenner Pass. The Duce agreed to join in the war. Italy's choise was to attack either France or Yugoslavia, and Mussolini chose the former because its share of the plunder would be greater.

 1941 Rommel was denied permission to launch a German counteroffensive in North Africa by the end of May.     The Italian offensive in Albania was halted with only insignificant gains made in a week of fighting.

 1942 Admiral Lord Mountbatten was named chief of Combined Operations.

 1943 U.S. units occupied El Guettar in Tunisia as the Axis forces fell back.     Frencg Guiana formally disassociated itself from Vichy and declared the territory on the side of the Free French.     British units were hurled back on the Arakan front in Burma. Chindits behind Japanese lines began filtering back to India after extreme hardships which forced them to abandon plans for cutting the Mandalay-Lashino rail line.

 1944 Russian troops reached the Rumanian border, capturing Yampol on the east bank of the Dniester.    In the heaviest air raid of the war so far, R.A.F. aircraft dropped more than 3'000 tons of bombs on Frankfurt am main.     AN armored attack on the abbey of Monte Cassino by New Zealanders was turned back with heavy losses.     After the Hungarian regent Admiral Miklos Horthy refused to dign a document requesting direct intervention, Hitler ordered German troops into Hungary.

 1945  A U.S.regiment landed on Panay in the Philippines and pushed toward Iloilo.    The port of Kolberg was taken by the Russians, ending all German pockets on the Baltic between the Polish corridor and the mouth of the Oder River.     Massive air attacks were launched against Berlin and Frankfurt. More than 1,000 people were killed in Frankfurt. The attack on Berlinwas the heaviest launched by the U.S.Eighth Air Force, involving 1,250 bombers. They were attacked in force by German jets for the first time. The ME-262 and other interceptors,plus heavy anti-aircraft fire, accounting for the loss of 24 bombers and 5 fighters. Another 600 planes were damaged.     All Japanese schools were ordered closed for 1 year beginning April 1.
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« Reply #102 on: March 19, 2012, 05:27:17 pm »
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Mar 19 1940 Chaberlain defended Britain's lack of assistance to Finland. He said only once did Field Marshal Mannerheim request troop assistance, in January, for 30,000 men to arrive in May. But Chamberlain claimed that while "Germanpublicity professed her neutrality," it made every effort to prevent others from saving Finland. According to Chaberlain it was fear of Germany which prevented Norway and Sweden from giving us permission to pass our troops through their countries, the fear of Germany wich prevented her (Finland) from making her appeal to us for help.     Fifty R.A.F. bombers struck Hornum, the German Seaplane base on the Island of SyLt. Photo reconnaissance found no evidence of any damage inflicted.

 1941 Hitler issued an ultimatum to Yugoslavia to accept German terms which would place the Yugoslavs under virtual total control of Belin.   Admiral Raeder met with the Japanese ambassador in Belin and expressed his desire for a Japanese attack on Singapore.

 1942 The Germans renewed their campaign to break through to the besiegedIi Corps in the area of Staraya Russa.    Stilwell assumed command of the Chinese fifth and sixth armies operating with the British forces in Burma, the first time in history Chinese troops had ever been led by a foreigner.Lieutenant General William Slim arrived in Burma and became commander of Imperial troops in the country.     Japanese forces completed theit occupation of Sumatra and Timor.     President Ismet Inonu or Turkey vowed the country would remain neutral and that we will maintain our contractual relations with the belligerents and we mean to carry out those relations   with a strait heart and with royalty

 1944 Russian troops of the Second Ukrianian Front swept into northern Rumania after crossing the Dniester at several points.      German paratroopers occupied the airfields of Hungary, while other units began crossing the frontier to take controll of the country.

 1945 Hitler ordered the destuction of industrial, communications, and transportation facilities threatened by Allied capture, the so called "NeroDecree". The U.S. 70th Division units began crossing the Saar River near Sarrbrucken.     Germany cancelled all army leaves, ordered the regisration of all refugees, and commanded civilians to inform the police of all Army Corps deserters.     Soviet troops recaptured all of Hungarian territory lost to the Germans since their counterattack was launched two weeks before.      U.S. Navy units attacked the Kobe-Kure area of Japan. Lieutenant Commander Joseph T. O'Callahan won the Congressional Medal of Honor for heroism aboard the carrier Franklin when it was attacked by kamikazes off Kobe, Japan. He was the first naval chaplin ever to be so honored. A total of 772 men aboard Franklin were killed. The ship was severely crippled but it was able to make the 12'000 mile voyage to the Brooklyn Navy Yard for repairs.     Japanese forces on Panay began withdrawing to the mountains.    The last surviving ship of a 21 vessel Japanese convoy was sunk off Singapore. The tanker Sarawak Maru ended up like the others picked off one by one over a 10 week period as the convoy attempted to bring supplies from Japan to forces in southeast Asia. Some were sunk in daylight attacks by carrier planes and in highttime attacks by submarines in the Chia seas, others were hit by mines strewn along their path in the Singapore Strait. Eventually all were lost, testament to the effectiveness of the Allied blockaid.

 1939 Germany annexed predominantly German speaking Memel from Lithuania. It was accomplished by the simplest of means, Hitler sending a registered letter announcing the action to the Lithuanian government. An actual treaty was subsequently as the Lithuanian foreign minister went to Berlin to give part of his country away. In return for Memel Lithuania received German guarantees of independence and a flow of trade between the two countries.
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« Reply #103 on: March 20, 2012, 04:36:09 pm »
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 Mar 20 1940 Daladier resigned as French premier and was succeeded by Paul Reynaud, who promised a vigorous prosecution of the war.     Moscow stated its strong opposition to a proposed Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish Alliance because it would be "directed against the Soviet Union" and run counter to the Russo-Finnish peace treaty.

 1941 Under Secretary of State Welles told Soviet Ambassador Constantine A. Oumansky that the U.S. had confirmed information Germany would shortly attack the Soviet Union. The knowlage was aquired by methods which could not be revealed to the Russians. U.S. Signal Inteligence Service analysts had predicted "a German attack on the U.S.S.R. within two months" . The estimate came from a reading of top secret Japanese diplomatic messages, primarily the dispatches to Tokyo from Baron Oshima, the Japanese ambassador in Berlin.      Four members of the Yugoslav cabinet resigned rather than face capitulation to the German demands, British agents kidnapped the pro German leader Milan Stoyadinovich  and spirited him away to Greece to eliminate his inflence in the political turmoil of Belgrade.     Hargeisa in British Somaliland was retaken by British forces who continued their advance westward into Ethiopia.

 1942 Chinese troops entered the fighting in Burma, engaging Japanese troops along the Sittang River.     British Eighth Army raiding groups attacked Derna and Benghazi as a means to divert the Axis fromaction against a convoy bound for Malta which was desperately in need of resupply.

 1943 For the second time in a week, anti-Hitler military officers tried and failed to kill him. Kluge's chief of inteligence, Colonel Rudolf von Gertsdorff, carried a concealed bomb which he would detonate by acid while close to Hitler at the Zeughhaus in Berlin, blowing both of them to bits. Hitler left the exibit hall before the acid could act, and Gertsdorff flushed the fuse down a toilet in the mens room.     The British Eight Army unleashed a strong attack on the Mareth Line while American troops opened  new assults directed toward Maknassy, in what was the start of the last phase of the battle of Tunisia.     Belogrod was recaptured by the Germans, clearing the area north of Kharkov.

 Germany completed its occupation of Hungary.     The road and rail junction of Vinnitsa fell to the Russians.     U.S. 4th Division Marines occupied Emirau Island in the Bizmark Archipelago. It was to be used as a naval and air base in the reduction of Rabaul.
       (1944)

 1945 Nagoya was hit by B-29 incendiaries.    Japanese forces were found to have withdrawn from Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, leaving the Burmese city totally under Allied control. This marked the consummation of Slim's victory over General Kimura's Burma Area Army, which now retreated towards Rangoon with losses of up to a third of its strenth.     Iloilo was taken by units of the U.S. 40th Division.     The U.S. 70th Division captured Saarbrucken.     Hitler made his last public appearance, decorating children who had distinguished thenselves in combat

 1939 Washington recalled the U.S. ambassador in Berlin to protest the German actions in Czechoslovakia.
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« Reply #104 on: March 21, 2012, 05:07:04 pm »
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Mar 21 1942 China and the U.S. completed arrangements for the $500 million in aid to the Chungking government.     The American defense of the Philippines was reduced to Corregidor in Manila Bay. General Jonathan Wainwright moved his headquarters to the heavily fortified Island as a further stand on Bataan would have been futile without real hope of reinforcements or resupply.     The depleted air defenses of Burma were further weakened when the Japanese attacked the air base at Magwe. A ferry command was activated in C>B.I. with 25 Pan-American transports being pressed into airlift service.     Some German aircraft were drawn off the Malta convoy, but the Allied ships came under attack despite the diversionary raids by the British in Libya.

 1943 U.S. II Corps made strong gains in Tynisia. An encirclement operation at Djebel el Ank netted 700 Axis prisoners.     Mud caused by the spring thaw slowed action along the entire Russian front. Both sides were already drained by the intense and costly winter action and welcomed the spring respite. Russia found the forthcoming two month long lull advantageous because its military might was being replenished in part through U.S. and British aid, while Germany could mot match the mounting strenth of its rivals.

 1944 The U.S. 34thDivision arrived as reinforcements at Anzio.     American cavalrymen began a drive to secure Los Negros

 1945Japanese forces opened their drive to take the Laohokow air base in China.     Japanese piloted bombs made their first known appearance of the war while futiley attempting to attack the U.S. naval fast carrier task force whose planes were stiking targets on Honshu and Kyushu.     The 2nd British Division opened the road to Mandalay from Ava.     A flight of 18 R.A.F. Mosquitos bombed the Gestapo headquarters building in Copenhagen. While the building was hit (35 were killed including 9 Danish prisoners) Greater damage was done to a nearby Catholic grade school, killing 86 children and 17 adults.      Churchill told Britons food supplies were short in Britian because of the pressing need to feed liberated parts of the continent.

 1939 Germany offered Polnd Slovakia in compensation for the return of Danzig and German control of overland routes between Germany and East Prussia.
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